What are the Characteristics of Polar Climate
The polar climate is present in natural regions such as the North Pole (Arctic Circle) and South Pole (Antarctica).
As mentioned above, this is the coldest climate on the planet and the temperatures oscillate between 8 ° or 9 ° C and -88 ° C.
Although the 4 seasons of the year correspond to classification parameters, the truth is that in areas such as the Arctic or the Antarctic, these 4 stations are not present (tangibly). Rather, there are two seasons where the winter is extremely cold and extensive, while the temperatures in the summer months do not exceed 10 ° C.
4. The inclination of the Earth
Because of the angle of inclination of the Earth with respect to these 2 poles, the days and nights last for 6 months. That is to say, while in the North Pole six months pass without the sun being hidden (rather it borders the horizon line), in the South Pole the sunlight does not arrive during this time.
The precipitations are practically null (around 300 mm annual) and always fall in solid form (snowflakes).
There are strong winds called nevazón or blizzards that are characterized by the presence of storms with strong winds loaded with snow.
The type of landscape at the poles is white, thanks to snow and ice.
8. Polar climate flora
Since the soil is mostly frozen, the presence of plant life is difficult. However, in times of temperate temperatures mosses, lichens, and small shrubs grow in certain areas.
9. Polar climate wildlife
The fauna present in the polar climate is also scarce, limited to a few mammals, birds, and aquatic animals.
As a characteristic of the polar climate, the mammals of this region mostly have a white coat, in order to protect themselves from the attacks of other predators and to be devoured. Examples are the polar bear, arctic fox, arctic wolf, arctic hare, and reindeer, among others.
Birds generally migrate in winter to warmer coasts. For its part, the aquatic fauna stands out from the rest and presents a greater variety among those found, penguins, seals, whales, and fish.
Human life turns out to be difficult because of the lack of vegetation, scarcity of fauna, and the frozen ground almost constantly (which prevents the possibility of crops). However, there are certain small communities in the Arctic inhabited by Inuit and Lapps. On the other hand, in the Antarctic, small scientific communities are installed for the study of the place.