What is Science, Applied Science, Empirical and Non-empirical Sciences?
Science is a type of interpersonal coordinated effort and knowledge-gathering in light of a standard called the scientific method. The term science came from Latin Scientia which means “Knowledge”. The focus of science is to come up with theories and concepts that successfully as well as logically predict different phenomena, from the predictions and explanations about the universe; how stars collapse, to the speed of an object rolling downhill.
Formal, Natural, and Social Science
Science is mainly divided into three categories; formal science, natural science, and social sciences. The formal science incorporates logic, mathematics, and statistics. Natural Science focuses on natural phenomena like geology, chemistry, physics, and biology. Social science studies humans as well as the societies such as anthropology, sociology, and psychology. There are a few debates about the formal science regarding its authenticity of being the division of science. Nevertheless, all these sections of science are critical and have contributed immensely to the mankind.
Applied science is an approach to solve certain challenges and tasks by using scientific knowledge. For example, a circuit design made with the knowledge obtained from electric fields through science. All the technologies we have today, is due to the applied science. It is like, we get the scintillating knowledge of science, and then apply it to get inventions, practical applications, and technologies.
Empirical and Non-empirical Sciences
Empirical Sciences represent social and natural sciences, as they depend on experimentation. On the other hand, mathematics and other social sciences are Non-empirical.
The value of Science
Science is very important, science is for eradicating “Bias”. The bias comes when a theoretician would lean toward a certain experimental result and intentionally or emotionally modifies the test to ensure it. Science incorporates a lot of safeguards to stand as well as to fight against the bias; for example, standardization and reproducibility. However, the bias is still overflowing in science. Big pharmaceuticals and major businesses give billions of money to researchers and scientists and count on them to deliver different results that reflect favorably on the donor industry or business. Some folks believe that science is not above faith. Yes, maybe, who knows? Superstition, guessing, and faith can be right or above the science; however, science is not less useful. It is just that there are worse and better standards for science, as well as it takes a lot of effort to perform or conduct good and precise science.